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Light-Boxes: Celestial Clocks.Puma Punka: The first Prefab Temple.Treppaning: Prehistoric paracetamol.Saw Marks in Granite: Giza, Egypt c. 3,000 BC.Iron plate, Giza, Egypt. c. 3,,000 BC.

       Prehistoric Science and Technology:  

According to the British Science Council (1) The definition of science in 1999 was:

"The pursuit of knowledge and understanding of the natural and social world following a systematic methodology based on evidence".

While according to Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, Science is more broadly defined as:

"knowledge attained through study or practice,"

Perhaps the easiest definition for science can be found through the word itself, which comes from the Latin 'scientia', meaning knowledge: The search for knowledge... While most archaeological discoveries are presented as objects of functional or ornamental use, each one also represents a set of traditions and  knowledge arrived at following generations of experimentation.

 

   Featured Sciences:

Featured Articles.

 
 

When his writings on hydraulics, pneumatics and mechanics were translated into Latin in the sixteenth century, Heros readers were amazed to discover descriptions of inventions which included vending machines, a water-pump, a wind-organ, and the aeolipile (the first recorded steam engine).

The largest cut-stones of all time.
The Top-50 Stones.

A look at the largest megaliths from around the ancient world.

Scottish petrospheres, encompassing the platonic solids.
The Stone Balls.

What was the purpose of the hundreds of geometrically carved petrospheres found in Scotland and Costa Rica.

 
Crystal lens, Nineveh, c. 600 BC.
Crystal Power.

The human fascination with crystals can be traced back to before the Palaeolithic, but why.?

 

Link to the Saqqara 'plane' and other examples of ancient flight.
Prehistoric Flight.

The aerodynamic qualities of the Egyptian and South American 'planes' suggests experimentation.

 
 
Magnetism.

The naturally magnetic properties of stone were recognised by pre-Columbian Americans... but How?.

 

 

 

 

 

  • Acoustics:              (Quick Link)

Research has shown that the acoustic properties of caves were recognised at least as far back as the Palaeolithic times. It has also been determined that many prehistoric constructions were designed to incorporate acoustic phenomena, This section examines the evidence in an effort to understand exactly what the purpose of such features was.

  • Surgery:                   (Quick Link)

Evidence suggests that surgical processes were being performed as early as 50,000 years ago. Although obvious medical procedures such as dentistry and trepanation are commonly seen in skeletal remains, it is likely that they represent the tip of the prehistoric medical iceberg.

It is suggested that astronomy played an important part in our intellectual development. The importance of the motions of the heavens is reflected in the number of astronomically orientated structures and artefacts all around the ancient world. 

Unlike other species which are gifted with magnetic homing instincts, the complications of human social behaviour have led to us rely on cartography to navigate from one place to another. Cartography represents the evolution of spatial skills and their transfer into maps which was based on geometric and mathematical skills.

The builders of the megaliths, pyramids and other prehistoric structures left behind several good visual clues to their construction techniques, but when we find building blocks of a thousand tons and fitted together with paper-thin gaps, we are left wondering how such achievements could have been accomplished.

The art of metallurgy can now be traced back over several thousand years with the earliest foundries at Catal Hyk, Turkey. Not content with simply melting metals, we found ways of mixing them, producing harder and more durable metals, as well as learning to work with the softer ones such as gold.

One of the most controversial sciences from prehistoric times, the geodetic placement of ancient and sacred structures along prescribed longitudes and latitudes is one of the strongest pieces of evidence that prehistoric man was aware both of the earth's dimensions, and how to measure them accurately.

Myths and fables of everlasting flames, and dynamic drawings from Egypt are unknown quantities, but what of the Baghdad Batteries, discovered in the Iraqi desert?. They certainly suggest that someone was experimenting with something, there is no better explanation.

  • Optics:                       (Quick Link)

The discovery of over 400 ancient lenses has lent weight to the possibility that some at least, might have been used for astronomical purposes. Perhaps no coincidence that contemporary Babylonian texts refer specifically and accurately to celestial objects and details that are not available with the naked eye.

  • Construction Techniques:         (Quick Link)

As well as working with the largest and hardest stones, the design and skill levels employed in prehistoric constructions reveals an understanding and high working knowledge of universal geometric constants, acoustics, engineering and the properties of stone itself.

 

(Anomalous Artefacts)

(A-Z Site Index)

 

References:

1). http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/blog/2009/mar/03/science-definition-council-francis-bacon
 

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